With good habits and good care you can keep your teeth healthy throughout your life. By going to a dentist or dental hygienist regularly, you can gain control of the teeth and the gums.
Keeping your teeth clean is about removing bacterial coatings every day. Bacteria in the mouth can cause both teeth in the teeth and gum inflammation. Therefore, it is important that both children and adults brush their teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day, after breakfast and before bedtime. As an adult, you also need to clean your teeth with dental floss, toothpicks or interstitial brushes, preferably once a day.
The means to keep clean
Toothbrush brushing several sides at the same time and angle brush
There are toothbrushes that brush multiple surfaces simultaneously (t v). An angle brush is particularly effective for areas that are difficult to access, such as the back of the final tooth for permanent dentures, dental implants, and more (t h).
Toothpicks and spacer brush
A good toothpick is triangular rather than round in shape. Toothpicks are available in wood or plastic. A spacer brush is available in different sizes and is suitable for large spaces.
A good toothbrush should be soft and dense and have a grip-friendly handle. At pharmacies and at many dental clinics you can buy special tooth brushes that brush multiple surfaces at the same time. A special technique is needed to make them effective. You can get advice from dental staff on how to do.
An electric toothbrush is an alternative to standard toothbrushes. They are available in many different models. It has been found that a toothbrush makes it easier to keep your teeth clean, but it is important to remember that a toothbrush is not a shortcut. You still need to be careful when brushing your teeth.
Dental floss is a good aid for cleaning between teeth. The floss is narrow enough to clean even where it is crowded. It can be a bit difficult to control at first, but with instruction and training you can learn the technique. Dental floss can be round, flat, waxed or unplated. It may also have a fluoride coating and are in flavors.
The toothpick should be triangular, just like the gap between the teeth at the bottom of the gums. It is made of wood or plastic, is available in different thicknesses and may have fluoride or be flavored with mint. Toothpicks are easy to use and are a good tool for adults if there is room between the teeth. For young people who have smaller gaps between teeth, dental floss is often better.
Spacer brush for large spaces
The gap brush brushes cleanly between the teeth and looks like a small bottle brush. The brush consists of a thin wire with nylon brush on. It is available in different sizes and with different types of handles.
If the gums bleed when you clean your teeth, it’s usually not because you’re wrong, but the gums are irritated because they have not been cleaned for a while. It usually stops bleeding after a few days if you continue to clean.
How to use
If you are using the toothbrush correctly, you can brush off the bacterial coatings on your teeth. The toothbrush should be replaced when the strain begins to spread because a tired and spicy toothbrush is not effective. It is important to brush all sides of your teeth carefully, but without damaging your teeth or gums.
Brushing your teeth in a certain order reduces the risk of forgetting any tooth surface. Most often you are most careful at the beginning. A good tip is therefore to start where it’s hardest to access, for example, the inside of the lower jaw at the bottom.
It’s good to start and stop brushing in the same place every time.
Electric toothbrushes can especially facilitate people who are difficult to cope with normal brush brushing. Toothbrushes are also good for children, especially for those with a disability.
There are many different types of toothbrushes. Eltand brushes that effectively remove bacterial coatings have a round brush head that rotates or moves rapidly in semicircles back and forth.
You must adjust the brush’s pressure against the dental surface and move the brush methodically from tooth to tooth just like when brushing with a normal brush. Consult a dentist or dental hygienist about which toothbrush best suits.
Dental floss penetrates where it is crowded
It is best to use dental floss before brushing if you choose to do all the cleaning at once. Then the bacteria torn loose between the teeth can be brushed away and the fluorescence of the toothpaste may remain between the teeth after brushing.
For those who find it difficult to access when the dental floss is held with hands, dental floss holders are a good aid. The holder fits all kinds of floss. There is also a disposable holder where the thread is already mounted. Holder and dental floss are available for purchase at pharmacies.
Spacious brush good for sparse teeth
Interstitial brushes are good if you have large spaces between your teeth or have a toothbrush. You should never force a gap brush if it is too crowded between the teeth, but change to a narrower brush.
By dipping the brush in a fluoride before use, cleaning can be even more efficient.
It is important to try out the right technique and the right size of the size together with dental staff.
Triangular toothpick is the best
How to use the toothpick:
- The base of the stick should be turned to the gums.
- Insert the toothpick between the teeth, at the gums.
- For the toothpick back and forth a few times.
- Sometimes you may need to angle the stick a bit to get in touch with a larger part of the dental surface. Do not try to push a stick between your teeth if it feels too crowded.
Prostheses must also be made clean
Bacterial coatings are also formed on prostheses, both on the outside and inside. If the bacteria remain, they can cause inflammation of the mucosa in the mouth.
It is important that you clean cleanable dentures both morning and evening. You can brush the denture with regular toothbrush, but it may be easier to use a special protest brush with long chest strain (see picture).
Clean with liquid soap or detergent. Normal toothpaste fixes the prosthetic material and the prosthesis becomes harder to keep clean. If you use protest strips to make the prosthesis secure, it should be removed when cleaning. Otherwise, the risk is that the bacteria grow in the paste. Some stickers can only be removed with special cleaning tablets.
You will get more information from dental staff if you are going to clean other types of dentures such as bridges, crowns and implants.
Tung scraper cleans
On the tongue there are bacteria that together with food residue and dead cells can form coatings. The coatings can sometimes cause bad breath (link to Bad breath). If you have coatings on the tongue, try to gently clean the tongue with a soft toothbrush or a special scraper available for purchase at the pharmacy.
Well-used fluoroand cream
There are a wide variety of different types of toothpaste in pharmacies and out in the trade. Which brand you choose is not so important. The most important thing is that you choose a toothpaste containing fluorine and which you think tastes good.
Fluorine is a natural substance that strengthens the teeth. Fluor penetrates the dental surface, especially in those places where there is a hole. The amount of fluoride varies in different types of toothpaste, but to prevent caries, the toothpaste should contain at least 1000 ppm fluorine, but even more preferably 1500 ppm.
One to two centimeters of toothpaste on the toothbrush is a fair amount for adults and children over six years.
Some toothpaste varieties have particular properties, such as toothpaste against sensitive tooth neck, fragile mucous membranes, plaque and tooth decay. There is also toothpaste containing bactericidal agents, toothpastes with enzymes that strengthen the mucous membrane’s defense against bacteria and toothpaste for prosthetic cleansing.
Toothpastes, which are said to give whiter teeth, so-called whitening toothpastes, contain abrasives to remove discoloration. The effect is doubtful and there is a risk of increased wear on the teeth.
If you have special requests or concerns about the choice of toothpaste, consult dental staff.
Sew the toothpaste between the teeth
Do you brush your teeth morning and evening, your teeth will receive fluorine supplement twice a day. To get a better effect of fluorine, after brushing, take only a small amount of water in the mouth and rinse with the toothpaste and water mixture for a few seconds before spotting. Do not rinse mouth with water afterwards.
In this way you can increase the fluorescence between the teeth, on surfaces that are otherwise difficult to access. Wait to eat and drink something for at least thirty minutes after the toothbrush.
For most, it is sufficient to use fluoroand cream twice a day. However, if you have an increased risk of getting a hole in your teeth, you may need a supplement of fluoride. Dentistry can advise on the most effective ways of using fluoride.