Periodontitis -Advanced Gum Disease

Periodontitis -Advanced Gum Disease


The earlier periodontitis is treated, the greater the chance of extinction. Serious periodontitis requires more extensive treatment, compared with a milder found in an earlier stage.
A fresh tooth has a toothpaste that is 1 to 4 millimeters deep. With periodontitis the pocket depth increases. At the final stage it can be over 10 millimeters. The loss of attachment can then reach the root tip of the tooth, making it very moving. The pockets are usually also very infected.

Inflammated gums

An inflammation of the gum may be the beginning of periodontitis. And it is the plaque that is formed in the mouth which is the cause of gingivitis (gingivitis). Inflammation without periodontitis is easy to treat. With improved oral hygiene, it usually heals in a couple of weeks. However, inflammation can come back quickly if the oral hygiene deteriorates. Careful cleaning with toothbrush, dental floss or the like is the easiest trick to avoid inflamed gums.


The risk of tartar varies from man to person and from tooth to tooth. It can also vary through life. Worse oral hygiene often causes tartar to be formed more easily. Unfortunately, some people get a lot of tartar despite a good oral hygiene. A prerequisite for all the eradication of dental disease is to remove the tartar. Since you can not remove the dentite yourself, it is important to regularly visit a dentist or dental hygienist who can do it for you.
The treatment is painless. On the other hand, if you have deep gums that are inflamed you may have local anesthesia. This inflammation usually heals within a few weeks, provided the tartar is removed and you are kept clean in your mouth. Tooth decay and inflammation can quickly come back if oral hygiene deteriorates.

In-depth pockets

If your gumpocks have become deeper, the tartar can penetrate and begin to dissolve the leg. Toothbrush and plaque can be collected in your pocket where you can not clean. Slowly destroys the tooth’s attachment.
Treatment must now be performed by a dentist or dental hygienist. It is because the tartar is removed with special instruments or ultrasound. Crucial for a successful outcome is that the patient’s oral hygiene is still very good.
Depth of the pockets usually decreases by 2 to 3 millimeters in the first months after successful treatment. Thereafter, it often reduces a few millimeters to. The goal is a pocket depth of less than 4 millimeters. However, some places may have greater pocket depths but still be in balance.
The most common reason that the depth of the footprint does not decrease or the disease returns is that the oral hygiene has become less effective. This is usually due to the fact that a finished patient easily falls back into old patterns. To avoid this, it is important to repeat the check with your dentist or dental hygienist. Unfortunately, there are a small amount of treated parodontitis that does not heal, but only brakes, despite successful treatment.


A sick gum is swollen and has a larger volume, compared to a healthy one that is in biological balance. When the gums heal after a severe periodontal it may recede something. This rarely involves any problems functionally, but it may cause bare teeth and new gaps between teeth and gums.
A mild inflammation of the gums usually heals in a week. The prerequisite is that any tooth decay has been removed and that the mouth is kept clean, according to the instructions given by the dentist or dental hygienist.

Serious periodontitis

Often, you do not get any symptoms of periodontitis, except that your teeth feel loose. The risk of infection, swelling and warming is high.
In order to slow down, and hopefully stop, the disease is treated in a similar manner to a less severe periodontal period. Sometimes smaller operations are also performed. Another option is to remove the tooth. Many dentists have good experience in treating periodontal disease. Some, however, refer patients to specialists, so-called periodontologists.


Sometimes it’s hard to get a bug with the deepened gums. It can also be problematic to get toothbrush on the tooth root. Then surgery can be an option. The purpose is to clean and reduce the depth of the pocket. It is also a way to make it possible for the patient to stay clean and efficient.
The dentist then makes a small incision to fold a gap into the diseased area. This makes it easier to remove tartar and diseased tissue around the tooth. When the area is cleaned, the gum is sewn back. After one to two weeks, usually a check is made. The operation is painless and occurs under local anesthesia. The treatment takes 30 to 60 minutes. Sometimes the patient gets a little pain after surgery. It is usually relieved effectively with common painkillers.

New formation of dental bracket

Today, there are also methods for stimulating new formation of braces around the tooth. Some positive results have been demonstrated, mainly with different types of bone stimulants. These are usually added in connection with the operation.

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